Types of Flooring
Do you get your floor surface old and torn-off? Or you just moved into a new house and confused in choosing the right types of flooring?
Changing your entire floor surface or arranging it, is indeed a busy challenge to do.
But no worries! Nowadays, you can easily find so many options for flooring.
So, you don’t have to be confused about choosing them, and you don’t have to keep using your worn-out floors anymore.
Nevertheless, it doesn’t mean that you can just take any options randomly. Perfect types of flooring might be ideal for one house, but weird for another.
There are things you need to consider, including materials, environment, needs, who lives in the house, and not to mention the budget you need to calculate.
Now, this guide is going to help you in doing a little research on choosing the flooring option. I also include the pros and cons of the ten most common types of flooring.[powerkit_toc title=”Types of Flooring” depth=”2″ min_count=”4″ min_characters=”1000″]
Hardwood is one of the most popular types of flooring, especially in the US. This one is the real solid wood that you must install by nailing all of it to your floor.
Usually, it comes either in up to 2.5 inches strips or up to 4 inches planks. Hardwood flooring is made out of solid wood, such as walnut, oak, cherry, maple, and others.
I recommend you to buy from companies with FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) or SFI (Sustainable Forestry Initiative) certification to make sure they come from legal cutting.
You can order hardwood flooring either finished or unfinished. If you choose the unfinished one, you need to sand it and do the finishing yourself.
Therefore, that usually costs less than the finished one, which is more durable since it is finished by the company.
Bamboo is also one of the common materials used in wood flooring. The look and the feel are not so different from hardwood, that’s why.
The difference is on the grainy look from the bamboo grass.
Flat-grain bamboo shows darker stripes on the board, vertical-grain bamboo has its narrow stripes like soft strings tight together, and end-grain is identical with its short and little strips.
Engineered wood flooring looks indeed nearly the same as hardwood flooring.
But what makes this one different from hardwood flooring?
Engineered wood is made in different processes. This one has a real wood as the veneer on top, but it is plywood underneath it, which is thinner than the hardwood.
That is why engineered wood flooring comes cheaper.
Engineered wood also has this tongue and listed groove to make it able to be clicked together and ready to be installed in some more functions.
The veneer on top looks exactly as warm and as appealing as hardwood. Therefore it is very suitable to be installed in a room with less traffic like a living room or bedroom, for instance.
Ceramic or Porcelain Tile
Ceramic or porcelain types of flooring are also a popular flooring option. It is my favorite if you ask me. Ceramic is made of clay and shale, and it is very hard.
Ceramic also comes in many kinds of different materials, sizes, and patterns. There is a glazed one. Its surface is glass-like, so it looks very glossy, and it comes in many patterns and colors.
There is also the porcelain one, and it is probably the most durable ceramic for you. This one is solid, and it works very well outdoor.
Also, there are quarry tile and terracotta tile; both are unglazed and less slippery.
It looks like wood again, isn’t it? But no, it isn’t wood. On the top of laminate flooring is a thin veneer made of plastic with printed patterns for the cover.
However, it stands on the layers of plywood, just like engineered wood.
Laminate flooring comes very modernly that you don’t have to glue or nail it to your floor. You can just install it right on your floor.
Vinyl is a resilient type of flooring that is also very popular. It is made of Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC).
Some of the vinyl floorings, like the cushioned one, are layered by foam on the top as well.
That makes you even more comfortable in stepping on your floor. It comes in sheets or planks. You’re gonna have to glue the sheets one for your entire floor.
Meanwhile, for the planks, it could be coming in a click form and sticker in the back of it. You have got options for that, of course.
Linoleum types of flooring are one of the oldest styles in flooring. Unlike vinyl, this resilient type of flooring is made of natural resources, like linseed oil, wood flour, or pigments.
Linoleum flooring comes in sheets and planks, just like vinyl. However, some of the linoleum floorings come with some kind of coating to protect the floor from stain.
Another popular resilient flooring is cork flooring.
The fiberboard of cork flooring is made by compressing the bark of the tree, which can be harvested every 8 to 10 years without necessarily have to cut the trees.
The corkboard also comes with veneer on top and makes it looks very natural with natural bark on the top veneer.
Going a little soft, shall we? Carpet is one of the most common types of flooring.
This one is made of many kinds of delicate fibers. Very suitable for comfort room like a bedroom or living room.
There are some kinds of different carpet materials used for floorings, such as wool, nylon, acrylic, polyester, and polypropylene.
All have different characterizations and feels; it all depends on your preference.
Natural stone flooring is one of the best choices to go rustic.
Its abstract pattern and natural colors are just perfect for outdoor decoration or even indoor decoration with proper maintenance.
Usually, people choose natural stone as their flooring due to its beauty and the natural impression which brings freshness into a room.
Natural stone flooring comes in tiles and different sizes as well, you have the options for that, no worries!
Things to Consider When Choosing Flooring
In choosing flooring options, there are some paramount factors you must consider. They are:
- Room: There are flooring types like carpet or hardwood, which aren’t ideal for every space. Therefore you need to know which type suits your room best.
- Style: The style of your house also determines which flooring type suits best. Certain types work better than others to create the right aesthetic.
- Budget: The price of the floor varies widely, and it usually represents quality. You need to consider which type of floor you can afford, and which would last as long as possible.
- Family Situation: Young children or pets are gonna make some spills and scratch. You definitely want that spill-proof and scratch-resistant flooring, won’t you?
- Installation Requirements: Some types need glue, some don’t. You need to know which type cost extra, just for the consideration of your budget.
- Return on Investment (ROI): Your type of flooring could be one of the most affecting factors to increase the value of your house. Higher cost or quality often means a better long-term investment.
Best Flooring Options Room-by-Room
Not all rooms are created equal, some need water-resistant floors, some others need quiet and comfortable ones.
That’s why we need to adjust the types of flooring material with the requirement of the different rooms.
Below are our flooring type recommendations on a room-by-room basis.
The most popular choice is carpet flooring because this material is very smooth and comfortable to be installed in a room for ending the day and starting a new one.
However, wood, laminate, or vinyl are also suitable and preferable for some people.
Vinyl is a perfect choice for the kitchen because it is waterproof and very easy to clean.
In that regard, tiles and laminate flooring are also preferable.
This is the room where the guest would usually have their first impression.
This one does not really have that high traffic, so all floor types are suitable.
Stairs have high traffic since this is the access of people in the house going upstairs.
Therefore you want the floor to be silent. Carpet is one of the preferable choices for this.
For the rooms where you’re going to have so much wet, untreated hardwood or carpet is definitely not a choice.
Vinyl, natural stones, and porcelain tiles are the choices for this one because they are water-resistant and require minimum maintenance.
Even better, a good quality vinyl with an R10 rating is slip-resistant. Therefore, it’s ideal for wet rooms.
The Room Where You Allow Pets
Pets make scratches, they could spill water, and they could do many possible things we never expected.
Hence, you want vinyl or laminate, which can handle scratch or sharp materials for the room where pets can access.
You don’t want a carpet or hardwood because a scratch, water spill, and fur are not gonna suit their traits.